Soil is a natural non renewable resource providing essential services to ecosystem that are critical for life. Soil acts as growing medium, filter water, provides habitat for billions of organisms, contributing to biodiversity and supplies most of the antibiotics used to fight diseases. Soil provides foundation for our cities and towns, dumping site for solid waste and filter wastewater. Finally, soil provides us with feed, fiber, food and fuel that is the basis of our nation’s agro-ecosystems.

The food security issues of a country are related to the population growth, the natural resources including non renewable (Soil and minerals) and renewable (water and Forest) besides industries and share in the world trade and job market within the country. Rapid population growth increases the demand for housing, sanitations, health and education facilities and of course food. All these requirements are met at the cost of over exploiting the fixed natural none renewable resource “the soil”. Most of the productive land is either converted to non productive use like construction of houses, expanding cities, schools, hospitals, industries and roads reducing the food production or over exploiting soil for more agriculture product reducing its production potential. Over exploitation of soils for food production to meet the demand of growing population make soil vulnerable to problems like erosion, lower soil fertility salinity and water logging. The courses offered by the department addresses the issue of soil problems and its management.

The department of Soil and Environmental Sciences started bachelor's degree program in Spring2022. In the beginning, this department started with limited laboratory facilities that are provided by ARI (Agriculture Research Institute Mingora Swat. At present, the department has established its own laboratory that houses basic soil analytical instruments/chemicals catering the need of bachelor’s degree students. The department is also planning to start Ms and Ph D program in its long term planning. At the movement, the department has limited but highly qualified faculty and laboratory staff. The department is providing full opportunities and a better environment to students for their future research and studies.


The department of Soil and Environmental Sciences aims to develop students’ ability to understand key soil physical and chemical properties and processes, their ability to relate these to soil management in agriculture, and critical evaluation of soil-based research. Furthermore, develop the understanding of the students to realize the importance of climate in relation to agriculture and the environment.


  • Our graduates usually get jobs in various private and public organizations including
    • Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences
    • Agricultural Research System
    • Extension Department
    • Water Management
    • Soil and Water Conservation
    • Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
    • Forest Department
    • Soil Survey
    • Pakistan Tobacco Board
    • Pakistan Tobacco companies
    • Fertilizer Companies
    • Various Banks and NGO’s

Major Courses:

Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences offered the following courses with a total of 58 credit hours in four semesters.

Course No Course Title Course No Course Title
SES-501 Physical Properties of Soil SES-601 Soil Microbiology
SES-502 Environmental Pollution and Management SES-602 Chemical Properties of Soil
SES-503 Soil Fertility and Fertilizer SES-603 Research Project and Scientific Writing
SES-504 Analytical Techniques in Soil Science SES-604 Soil and Water Conservation
SES-505 Water Quality SES-605 Nitrogen Fixation and Management
SES-511 Soil Salinity SES-611 Soil Water Plant Relationship
SES-512 Soil Genesis and Taxonomy SES-612 Land Degradation and Management
SES-513 Soil Survey and Land Evaluation SES-613 Trace Elements in Agriculture
SES-514 Municipal Waste Management SES-614 Internship/ Research Project
SES-515 Improvement of Watershed Areas


Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Phone Office: 0946-811888
Mobile: +92 03005941417/03349001413
Email: jamal@aup.edu.pk/jamal@uoas.edu.pk
Mailing Address: Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, The University of
Agriculture, Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan